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Nutri-Knowledge Blog

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Guide to Choline

Published on Oct 20, 2017 By: Callie Pillsbury

A recent study discovered that 90% of Americans are not consuming adequate choline in their diets (1). Thus, a new daily value for choline has been set. The new recommended daily intake for choline is 550 mg for men and 425 mg for women per day. Additionally, nutrient content claims are now available for choline. These include labels such as “contains choline” or “high in choline” on food items (2). Many people do not understand the vital impacts of choline. The importance of this critical vitamin is discussed below.

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Grape Seed Oil

Published on Aug 28, 2017 By: Callie Pillsbury

Grapes are a round, sweet berry found in clusters from the flowering plant, Vitis. There are three different categories of grapes. Table grapes are those commonly eaten in fruit salads, for a snack, or are used in a recipe. Raisin are dried grapes that can be eaten raw or used in baking. Wine grapes are smaller, sweeter grapes used in viniculture to make wine. 

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Tags: Spray Drying, nutri-knowledge


Forage Through Borage Seed Oil

Published on Aug 23, 2017 By: Callie Pillsbury

An old folk tale exclaims that if a woman wants a man to propose, she should slip some borage into the the man’s tea to give him the courage to propose. Let’s see if borage can give you the same boldness.

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Vitamin D- You Are My Sunshine

Published on Aug 21, 2017 By: Callie Pillsbury

Vitamin D is a combination of many nutrients called sterols. There are two types of vitamin D found in food. Vitamin D2, ergocalciferol, and vitamin D3, cholecalciferol. Ergocalciferol is used in fortified foods and supplements such as the vitamin D in fortified orange juice. Cholecalciferol is the natural form of vitamin D, and is found animal foods such as egg yolk and butter.

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Go Crazy For Cranberries and Cranberry Seed Oil!

Published on Aug 16, 2017 By: Callie Pillsbury

Cranberries are not just a fruit for the holidays, but they are a superfood that should be encouraged to be consumed all year around! Try to eat more cranberries by putting them in your muffins, oatmeal, or even put cranberry seed oil on your salad!

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The Real Magic of Apple Cider Vinegar

Published on Aug 14, 2017 By: Callie Pillsbury

Recently apple cider vinegar has fetched a lot of attention. Proponents say that this vinegar is magic, claiming it to do everything from cleaning to trimming the waist. But is it really all that magical? Let’s look at real scientific information to find out the truth behind this ingredient!

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Are You OK with Vitamin K?

Published on Aug 11, 2017 By: Callie Pillsbury

Vitamin K is one of the four fat soluble vitamins found in oils and plants. There are 3 types of vitamin K: phylloquinone, menaquinone, and menadione. Phylloquinone, vitamin K1, is the most common vitamin K form found in foods. Phylloquinone is found in plant foods such as dark leafy greens and plant oils. Vitamin K1 is the primary source of vitamin K in the diet. Menaquinone, also known as vitamin K2, is produced by the gut microbiome and it is found in fermented foods such as the, natto. Natto is a Japanese fermented soybean product.  Lastly, menadione, vitamin K3, is the synthetic form of vitamin K used in supplements. Vitamin K3 is the only form of vitamin K that is water soluble (1). The nutrients vitamin A, vitamin E, and calcium inhibit the absorption of vitamin K. Therefore, salad with a glass of milk reduces the optimal absorption of vitamin K.  Additionally, oils have a higher absorption rate of vitamin K than leafy greens. Babies often receive a vitamin K shot when born because their intestinal tracts have not yet developed the bacteria in the gut that helps produce vitamin K

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The Clear Truth About Beta Carotene

Published on Aug 3, 2017 By: Callie Pillsbury

Carotenoids are a group of nutrients in the vitamin A family. Carotenoids are the yellow- orange pigment mostly found in fruits and vegetables., but there are also some carotenoids in animal products such as egg yolks. Carotenoids contribute to about 68% of vitamin A that is consumed in the diet.

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Eye Spy Lutein!

Published on Aug 1, 2017 By: Callie Pillsbury

Carotenoids are a group of fat soluble pigments that provide a red, orange, or yellow color to many fruits and vegetables. Carotenoids can be classified into two groups: pro vitamin A and non provitamin A compounds. Lutein is a non pro vitamin A compound belonging to a cluster of carotenoids called xanthophylls. Xanthophylls are pigments typically found in plants that display photosynthetic properties. Lutein is a conditionally essential nutrient, thus it normally produced in the body is sufficient amounts, except when the body is in a state of stress. Since lutein is a pigment, it can be used as a natural coloring agent. It gives a yellow color at low concentrations and an orange color at high concentrations. In fact, the word lutein comes from the latin word, lutea, meaning yellow. In plants, lutein protects the plants from excess sunlight by absorbing light.

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Go the Long Distance with MCTs

Published on Jul 31, 2017 By: Callie Pillsbury

Triglycerides are a type of fat found in the blood and a source of energy for the body. The structure of triglycerides includes a glyceride molecule with three fatty acids attached. Triglycerides can be divided into three different types, depending on the chain length of the fatty acid chain. Short chain fatty acids triglycerides have less than six carbons, medium chain triglycerides have 6-12 carbons, and long chain triglycerides have 13-21 carbons. Long chain triglycerides are the most common triglyceride found in the diet. In this blog, we will focus on medium chain triglycerides.

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Tags: nutri-knowledge, Spray Drying